ST ANDREW'S DAY is a national festival celebrated by the people of Scotland and other Christian nations - but when was St Andrew first recognised as Scotland's patron saint?
The annual holiday of St Andrew’s falls on November 30 and is marked by a bank holiday in Scotland, where schools and businesses shut for the day. St Andrew is regarded as the first apostle of Jesus and the younger brother of St Peter, who he later introduced to the Son of God. According to Christians, Andrew was responsible for introducing the boys with loaves and fishes to Jesus who then used them to feed the five thousand.
He was also present at the Last Supper and preached in countries in parts of the world now recognised as Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
The apostle is said to have died by crucifixion in Achea, Greece, but believed himself unworthy of the same kind of cross that Jesus died on.
Instead he died on an X-shaped cross, now depicted in the Scottish national flag by a white diagonal laid over a blue background.
Accounts at the time stated he was bounded by rope as opposed to being crucified by nails.
St Andrew is particularly significant to Scots as his bones was bought to rest around 732 AD to their land.
Different stories abound as to how this happened with some accounts suggesting he was arrived via Constantinople where his remains were initially taken.
One of the strongest theories is that his remains were brought to St Andrews by Acca, Bishop of Hexham, near the town of Newcastle.