Measles outbreak is sweeping the US: More than 100 people in 21 states have contracted the virus, CDC reveals, and most of them were not vaccinated
More than 100 people from 21 states have contracted measles in a nationwide outbreak, the CDC has announced.
The total number of cases per year in the US usually hovers around 100, aside from 2014 when an outbreak led to 667 cases.
But health officials warn we are on track for a more infectious year than usual, with cases cropping up from coast to coast.
The 107 infections this year have been reported in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, and Washington.
The majority of those infected were unvaccinated, according to a statement from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that spreads easily from an injected person by coughing, sneezing or even just breathing.
Symptoms develop between six and 19 days after infection, and include a runny nose, cough, sore eyes, a fever and a rash.
The rash appears as red and blotchy marks on the hairline that travel down over several days, turning brown and eventually fading.
Some children complain of disliking bright lights or develop white spots with red backgrounds on their tongue.
In one in 15 cases, measles can cause life-threatening complications including pneumonia, convulsions and encephalitis.
Treatment focuses on staying hydrated, resting and taking painkillers, if necessary.
Measles can be prevented by receiving two vaccinations, the first at 13 months old and the second at three years and four months to five years old.