Brian Thexton, 37, from Durham, was named as one of 13 men wanted by the National Crime Agency earlier this month and was thought to be in Spain.
Mr Thexton, wanted for robbery and allegedly conspiring to supply cocaine, evaded police in Lancashire on 15 November, injuring an officer.
Cumbria Police said uniformed officers arrested him "without incident" at a rural property near Kirkby Stephen.
A force spokesman said: "Cumbria Constabulary can confirm that Brian Thexton, was arrested shortly before 20:00 GMT on Tuesday at a rural property near Kirkby Stephen.
"He was wanted by a number of UK police forces and has recently been highlighted by the National Crime Agency as one of the country's most wanted fugitives.
"Detectives from Cumbria have worked hard with other police forces in the north of England over recent weeks to track down and arrest Mr Thexton.
"After a uniformed policing operation on Tuesday night he was detained without incident at an isolated rural property.
In one of the robberies Mr Thexton is accused of, the gang impersonated police officers to dupe the victims into opening the door, before brandishing a pick axe handle and a baseball bat.