They incorporate original stills taken from the film, behind-the-scenes images and typography inspired by original graphics that appear in the blockbuster.
One features Kubrick himself, while another shows author Arthur C Clarke from whose short story the film was adapted.
Others depict the “Monolith”, Star Child, Dr Dave Bowman and the HAL 9000, the errant AI.
Keir Dullea, who played astronaut Dr Bowman in the 1968 film, said: “What a beautiful way to celebrate this film & a man whose imagination soared in the films that he made.
Katharina Kubrick, the daughter of the filmmaker, praised the stamps, which have been designed by creative agency Glazier Design.
She said: “Wow, they are beautiful. I can’t wait to get my hands on them! What a lovely tribute on this momentous occasion.”
Jan Harlan, who was Kubrick’s producing partner and brother-in-law, added: “Stanley loved all types of stationery. He would find this highly amusing, but also very flattering.”